Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University | TACTsymposium

The Information Technology War and Peace Project
@ The Watson Institute for International Studies,
Brown University

Copyright 2002


Symposium Organizers

James Der Derian is a Watson Institute research professor of international relations and professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. At the Watson Institute, he serves as principal investigator of the Information, Technology, War, and Peace (ITWP) Project. Professor Der Derian's most recent book is Virtuous War: Mapping the Military-Industrial-Media-Entertainment Network (2001). He has also authored On Diplomacy: A Genealogy of Western Estrangement (1987) and Antidiplomacy: Spies, Terror, Speed, and War (1992), and edited International Theory: Critical Investigations (1994) and The Virilio Reader (1998). His articles on information technology and the revolution in military affairs have appeared in the New York Times, Washington Quarterly, Nation, and Wired.
[ Panel: Ground Zero ]

Annick T. R. Wibben is a Watson Institute visiting fellow and a co-investigator with the ITWP Project. Ms. Wibben is currently completing her doctorate in international politics at the University of Wales at Aberystwyth, writing on "Subjects of Security: A Feminist Examination of Security in International Relations," which combines international political theory, security studies, and feminist theory. During this past academic year, she was engaged in an interdisciplinary research seminar on "Technology and Representation" at Brown's Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women. Her Narrating Experience: Raymond Aron and Feminist Scholars Revis(it)ed was published in 1998. [ Panel: Technologies of Change ]

Symposium Participants

Thomas J. Biersteker is the director of the Watson Institute for International Studies and Brown University's Henry R. Luce Professor. He is the author/editor of six books, including State Sovereignty as Social Construct (1996) and Argument Without End: Searching for Answers to the Vietnam Tragedy (1999, with Robert S. McNamara, James G. Blight, et al.). Professor Biersteker chairs the Social Science Research Council's Global Security and Cooperation Committee, and is currently conducting research on targeting financial sanctions and freezing terrorist finances.

Martin Burcharth, the U.S. correspondent for the Danish national daily Information, has written extensively about the aftermath of 9.11.2001 during the past nine months. Before his U.S. assignment, Mr. Burcharth was a correspondent in Rome and Poland. He has contributed articles to many European publications, including Der Spiegel, Le Nouvel Observateur, Die Tagezeitung, and Il Manifesto. Mr. Burcharth has written two books -- one on organized crime and the other on the rise of television-mogul Silvio Berlusconi to political power. [ Panel: War of Networks ]

David Campbell is a professor of international politics at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K. In 1998, he published National Deconstruction: Violence, Identity, and Justice in Bosnia, which was named International Forum Bosnia's Book of the Year 1999. Professor Campbell's most recent research project is working towards a trilogy of books (War Visions, Humanitarian Visions, and Iconic Visions), which explores issues of imaging international politics. [ Panel: War of Networks ]

Brahma Chellaney, a strategic-affairs expert, is professor of security studies at the Center for Policy Research in New Delhi, India. Professor Chellaney has held appointments at the Brookings Institution, Johns Hopkins University, and Harvard University. He is the author of Nonproliferation: The United States-Indian Conflict (1993). He recently contributed an article, "Fighting Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Lessons of History" to International Security (Winter 2001/2002).
[ Panel: Infowar, Cyberwar ]

Jarat Chopra is an assistant professor (research) at the Watson Institute. Professor Chopra is the author of The Politics of Peace-Maintenance (1998) and Peace-Maintenance: The Evolution of International Political Authority (1999). Two years ago, he was head of District Administration for the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET). Most recently, Professor Chopra has been a consultant to the British government on peace operations in the Palestinian Territories.
[ Panel: Everyday Terror ]

Wendy Hui Kyong Chun is an assistant professor in Brown's Modern Culture and Media Department. She has studied both systems design engineering and English literature, which she combines in her work on digital media. She is currently finishing two books: a monograph entitled Sexuality in the Age of Fiber Optics, which explores the crisis of disciplinary and regulatory power brought about by high-speed telecommunications networks; and an edited collection entitled The Archaeology of Multi-Media. [ Panel: Infowar, Cyberwar ]

Carol Cohn is a senior researcher in Wellesley College's Political Science Department. She has held research positions at the Defense and Arms Control Program at MIT's Center for International Studies and at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Cohn's research is on gender and international security, with extensive work in the area of weapons of mass destruction, including most recently, "A Feminist Ethical Perspective on Weapons of Mass Destruction," co-authored with Sara Ruddick. Her current research examines gender mainstreaming in international security institutions.
[ Panel: Ground Zero ]

Carl Conetta is the codirector of the Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) at the Commonwealth Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the editor of the PDA Internet pages, Chinese Military Power, and RMA Debate Page. Dr. Conetta has been the principal author of 30 reports on military restructuring and defense reform issues, threat assessment, and peacekeeping. His articles appear in such publications as the Defense News, Security Dialogue, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Nonoffensive Defense and Conversion, and Hawk Journal. [ Panel: Technological Revolution ]

Neta C. Crawford, an associate professor (research) at the Watson Institute, is an expert on international relations and security, economic sanctions, humanitarian intervention, global ethics, and international organization. In 1998 / 1999, she was a peace fellow at Radcliffe's Bunting Institute. Cambridge University Press is publishing her latest work Argument and Change in World Politics: Ethics, Decolonization, and Humanitarian Intervention. She also co-edited How Sanctions Work: Lessons from South Africa (1999, with Audie Klotz). [ Panel: Technologies of Change ]

Thomas de Zengotita is a contributing editor at Harper's magazine and is on the faculty of New York University's Dalton School and the Draper Graduate Program. He has published widely in such works as Harper's, as well as in Cultural Anthropology, The Nation, and Shout. Recently, he published "World World; or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Blob" (Harper's, July 2000), "Guys with Gear" (Shout, November 2001), and "The Numbing of the American Mind" (Harper's, April 2002).
[ Panel: War of Networks ]

Ronald J. Deibert is an associate professor of politics and director of the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto. He has been named the 2002�2003 Ford Foundation Research Scholar of Information and Communication Technologies. Professor Deibert authored Parchment, Printing, and Hypermedia: Communications in World Order Transformation (1997) and published articles in numerous international studies journals on such topics as internet politics, civil society and global politics, earth remote sensing and space policy, and postmodernism.
[ Panel: Technological Revolution ]

Dorothy E. Denning is the Patricia and Patrick Callahan Family Professor of Computer Science at Georgetown University and director of the Georgetown Institute for Information Assurance. She researches issues relating to cyber crime and cyber terrorism, information warfare and security, and cryptography. Professor Denning is the author of Information Warfare and Security (1998) along with three other books and 120 articles. She has testified before Congress on encryption policy and cyber terrorism. [ Panel: Infowar, Cyberwar ]

Daniel Deudney is an assistant professor of international relations and political theory at Johns Hopkins University. An expert on the new politics of the environment, state sovereignty as a social construct, and geopolitics as historical security materialism, Professor Deudney is the co-author of Renewable Energy (1983) and co-editor of Contested Grounds: Security and Conflict in the New Environmental Politics (with Richard Matthews, 1999). [ Panel: Ground Zero ]

Tom Ehrhard is an active duty colonel in the United States Air Force and a professor of strategy and policy at the Air Force's School of Advanced Airpower Studies. Col. Ehrhard teaches courses on contemporary defense policy and military technology and innovation. Most recently, he served as the strategy division chief in the Air Operations Center at Prince Sultan Air Base in Saudi Arabia, during the first several months of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. He has also worked in the Pentagon and in various headquarters and unit assignments as a space and missile operator. [ Panel: Technological Revolution ]

Yaron Ezrahi is a professor of political science at Hebrew University and a senior fellow at the Israel Democracy Institute. Professor Ezrahi writes extensively on the impact of modern science and technology on democratic governments and the conduct of public affairs. His publications include The Descent of Icarus: Science and the Transformation of Contemporary Democracy (1990) and Rubber Bullets: Power and Conscience in Modern Israel (1998). Professor Ezrahi has consulted with the White House Public Goals Research Staff, Carnegie Commission on Science and Government, Israeli Parliament, and National Academic of Science. [ Panel: Everyday Terror ]

Larry N. George is a professor of political science at California State University at Long Beach. Professor George's primary research areas concern the antiglobalization movement, theories of political action, and international relations theory. His publications include "Seguid vuestro jefe: The Polemic Supplement and the Pharmacotic Presidency" in Theory & Event (2, no. 3, 1998), and The Constitution and the Conduct of U.S. Foreign Policy (1996, co-edited with David Gray Adler).
[ Panel: Technologies of Change ]

Abbott Gleason is the Watson Institute's director for University Relations and Special Projects and Brown's Keeney Professor of History. Professor Gleason is an expert on national identity in Russia/Soviet Union and United States from 1830�1930, and the history of the Cold War. He is the former director of the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies at the Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. Professor Gleason recently co-edited Nikita Khrushchev (2000, with Sergei Khrushchev and William Taubman).

Lene Hansen is an associate professor of international relations at the University of Copenhagen. Prior to this, she was a research fellow at the Copenhagen Peace Research Institute (COPRI). Her articles have appeared in such journals and edited volumes as Alternatives, Cooperation and Conflict, Journal of Peace Research, and Millennium. She recently co-edited European Integration and National Identity: The Challenge of the Nordic States (2001, with Ole Waever).
[ Panel: Infowar, Cyberwar ]

Mary Kaldor, an international expert on the political economy of security, directs the Programme on Global Civil Society at the London School of Economics' Centre for the Study of Global Governance. A prolific author, her recent publications include New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era (1999) and The Global Civil Society Yearbook 2001 (2001, coauthor and coeditor). She was a founding member of European Nuclear Disarmament (END) and cochair of the Helsinki Citizen's Assembly. She was also a member of the International Independent Commission, which was established by the Swedish prime minister, to investigate the Kosovo crisis.
[ Panel: Everyday Terror ]

Thomas Keenan directs the Human Rights Project at Bard College and is an associate professor of comparative literature at the State University of New York at Binghamton. Professor Keenan researches issues on human rights and humanitarianism, literary and political theory, old and new media, contemporary culture, post-Cold War conflicts, and ethics and international justice. He is the author of Fables of Responsibility (1997) and is at work on Live Feed, a study of the interactions between postmodern war, humanitarianism, and the media.
[ Panel: Everyday Terror ]

Michael Klare is the Five College Professor of Peace and World Security Studies (PAWSS) and directs the PAWSS Five College Program in Amherst. He also is the former director of the Program on Militarism and Disarmament at the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, D.C. An expert on U.S. defense policy, the arms trade, and world security affairs, Professor Klare recently authored or co-edited Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict (2001), Light Weapons and Civil Conflict: Controlling the Tools of Violence (1999), and Rogue States and Nuclear Outlaws (1995). He currently serves as the defense correspondent for The Nation.
[ Panel: Technological Revolution ]

Dauod Kuttab is a Palestinian journalist from Jerusalem and the director of the Institute of Modern Media at Al-Quds University. One of the Institute's most vital initiatives is Al-Quds Educational Television, which offers public service programming and is the University's communication link to Palestinian society (largely destroyed in April 2002). His opinion pieces have been published in the New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, International Herald Tribune, and elsewhere. In May 2001, Mr. Kuttab received the International Press Institute's award as one of 50 press freedom heroes in the last 50 years. [ Panel: Everyday Terror ]

Catherine Lutz is a professor of anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has done ethnographic fieldwork in Micronesia and in Fayetteville, North Carolina, adjacent to Fort Bragg. Her book on the latter subject is entitled Homefront: A Military City and the American 20th Century (2001). Professor Lutz has also written numerous scholarly articles and newspaper pieces on militarization and its wider social implications. [ Panel: Technological Revolution ]

John R. (Rick) MacArthur is an award-winning reporter and author, and the publisher of Harper's Magazine, a position he has held since 1983. Mr. MacArthur is the author of two books, Second Front: Censorship and Propaganda in the Gulf War (1993, with Ben Haig Bagdikian), and most recently, The Selling of "Free Trade": NAFTA, Washington, and the Subversion of American Democracy (2000). His columns and articles appear in the Toronto Globe and Mail, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe, Los Angeles Times, The Nation, and many other newspapers and magazines. [ Panel: Ground Zero ]

William C. Martel is a professor of national security affairs and the Alan Shepherd Chair of Space Technology and Policy at the U.S. Naval War College. Professor Martel worked at the RAND Corporation in Washington, D.C., where he directed studies on the problem of proliferation and the U.S. government's process for managing proliferation. Most recently, he published The Technological Arsenal (2001). His other books include Strategic Nuclear War (1986) and How to Stop a War (1987).
[ Panel: Infowar, Cyberwar ]

Sari Nusseibeh is a professor of philosophy and the director of Al-Quds University. The descendant of an old Jerusalem family, he is also a public intellectual deeply involved in and concerned about the future of the Israeli-Palestinian coexistence. In October 2001, he became the Palestine Liberation Organization's chief representative in Jerusalem. [ Panel: Everyday Terror ]

Scott Ritter was a U.N. weapons inspector to Iraq. Mr. Ritter's Endgame: Solving the Iraq Problem Once and For All (1999) chronicles his experiences investigating weapons of mass destruction. A ballistic missile technology expert and former major in the U.S. Marines, he served in military intelligence in the U.S. armed services. In 1991, he joined UNSCOM, the UN weapons inspections team, and worked on some 30 plus inspection missions, nearly half as mission chief. During the symposium, Mr. Ritter will preview his new film In Shifting Sands, which examines the continued sanctions against Iraq, the humanitarian costs of those sanctions, and its effectiveness on U.S. foreign relations.

John Phillip Santos is a program officer for the Ford Foundation's Media, Arts, and Culture Program. Mr. Santos is a filmmaker, producer, journalist, and writer whose work examines the intersecting issues of media, religion, and identity. He was the producer of From the Airwaves to the Internet, a former executive producer and director of new program development for Thirteen/WNET, and a producer of broadcasts on culture and religion for CBS News. He is the author of Places Left Unfinished at the Time of Creation (1999). [ Panel: War of Networks ]

Robert D. Steele is the founder and CEO of OSS.NET. A 25-year veteran of the U.S. national security community, and one of the first clandestine case officers to be assigned terrorism as a full-time target, Mr. Steele has served on the national-level information handling and advanced information processing and analysis steering committees and was the senior civilian responsible for creating our nation's newest all-source intelligence analysis center, the Marine Corps Intelligence Command. Mr. Steele's recently publications include On Intelligence: Spies and Secrecy in an Open World (2000 and 2001) and The New Craft of Intelligence: Personal, Public, and Political (2002). [ Panel: Ground Zero ]

Bruce Sterling, an internationally recognized author, first hit the science fiction literary scene in 1976. During the past 20 years, he has contributed to the genre's canon with such notables as Schismatriax, Islands in the Net, Heavy Weather, and Holy Fire. In 1992, he wrote his first nonfiction book, The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier, an investigative report on computer crime and civil liberties. Since then, he has contributed frequently to the discourse on electronic media and user rights. His articles have appeared in the New York Times, Newsday, Whole Earth Review, Details, Mondo 2000, bOING bOING, and Wired.

Lon Troyer is a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of California at Berkeley. His dissertation is on "The Location of Terrorism: Counterterrorism, American Politics, and the Docile Citizen." His research has appeared in Vocations of Political Theory (2000, edited by Jason Frank and John Tambornino), and on the online journal Theory & Event. [ Panel: Technologies of Change ]

Michele Zanini is a consultant with McKinsey & Company. Dr. Zanini wrote extensively about information-age terrorism while at the RAND Corporation. He co-authored Countering the New Terrorism (1999, with Ian O. Lesser, Bruce Hoffman, et al.), as well as contributed to the recently released Networks and Netwars (2001, co-edited by John Arquilla and David F. Ronfeldt). Dr. Zanini's RAND research projects included subjects on NATO strategy in the Balkans and Mediterranean, terrorism, ethnic conflict, and European defense planning. [ Panel: War of Networks ]

Maja Zehfuss is a lecturer in international relations at the University of Warwick. Her current research concentrates on war and memory in Germany. She also writes on the "politics of reality" in relation to constructivist international relations theory and its limitations and the implications of poststructuralist thought. Her writings have appeared in such journals as the Zeitschrift f�r Internationale Beziehungen and European Journal of International Relations. Her forthcoming work is entitled Constructivism in International Relations: The Politics of Reality. [ Panel: Technologies of Change ]


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